Afghanistan News According to Wall Street

Journal, Zalmai Khalilzad, a special US ambassador for the end of the

Afghan war, is preparing a plan. According to which the Afghan presidential election should be

postponed and the meeting should be similar The Bonn meeting will be held in 2001, and all

political forces, including the Taliban, will be there The meeting is about the formation of a

transitional government in which all Including the Taliban forces are involved, to reach an

agreement. Based on this plan, the transitional administration should provide the ground for the

new system Provide a new constitution. This is the same as going back to the past and restarting

from the Safari they say. Returning to the zero point brings some kind of breakage and damages

Afghanistan News

the principle of continuity.

The president and executive director have opposed the idea of ​​suspending the election. They said

the election will take place on the 31st of next solar year. What Khalilzad has designed is backward

and hurt the young democracy of Afghanistan hits. As an ally of the United States, the United States

must respect the process of democracy in the country. America, in addition to the major and major

burden of the fight against terrorism, He also supported democracy in Afghanistan during the past

17 years. It must be sacrificed to the blood of all the people who are sacrificed to continue the process

of democracy in Afghanistan and fight against terrorism Give respect, respect. We should not go back

Afghanistan News

for 17 years. The political forces that were formerly military organizations after the Bonn meeting in

the state order They dissolved their militias and respected the organization.

Any other force that is partnering with the peace process of the international community should

abandon violence, the state order And accept the constitution and enter into a competitive policy.

Accepting the constitution and competition policy does not mean giving up to anyone. It means

changing the way. Each political force tries to build power and organize society based on its thoughts.

Some forces, like the Taliban, want to achieve this by force. They want to force office units and by

organizing suicide attacks, the urban population To put an end to everyone’s desire for political and

social desirability. But other political forces believe in elections and the formation of a government

that is driven by the will of the people. The forces that supported democracy and the elections in the


past 17 years do not surrender to anyone They did not go through and changed the method.

To groups like the Taliban, it must be said that the outcome of the peace process should be changed .

Even one of their ideological goals is achieved by changing the method. The Taliban have consistently

stated that the physical presence of international forces in Afghanistan is not acceptable to them Their

ideological beliefs are contradictory. When the Taliban change their way of thinking and become competitive


politics and state order, they do not need to The physical presence of the troops will not be Afghanistan’s

international supporters. At that time Afghanistan will not need a 350,000-strong security force. The

constitution of Afghanistan can be adjusted. Most political forces that have accepted the legal order and

are part of Afghanistan’s democracy domain They think that the constitution has deficiencies that need to

be adjusted. The mechanism for amending the constitution is also foreseen in this law. Any force advocating

a constitutional amendment must abandon the violence, to the point Provide for elections and peaceful

moderation of the constitution.


Afghanistan’s return to seventeen years ago has no defensible basis. Who guarantees that if a large reconciliation

plan is put in place and that the Taliban will establish a temporary administration Hundred percent of the war

is stopped and no part of this group will continue to fight . Who ensures that all the neighbors of Afghanistan,

including Pakistan, subscribe to this project and invest Stop the war. Is Pakistan just pleased to influence the

power relations of Afghanistan? The fact is, it is forces The insurgents do not negotiate for the end of the war

until they are weakened, they have to Bringing global and regional credibility and increase

They will continue their war of power to occupy the entire geography of the country at the end. Who guarantees


that the Taliban will seriously enter the process of national reconciliation? Experience Has shown that the

decision of US officials about Afghanistan is due to political and electoral choices that are consumed It is

domestic, it is disastrous for the people of Afghanistan and the entire international community. Mr. Khalilzad

was a staunch critic of Obama’s policies in Afghanistan. Mr. Khalilzad constantly said that the dynamics of US

domestic politics led Mr Obama to leave NATO’s combat troops set Afghanistan out of history, not the facts

of Afghanistan. Today, when Mr. Khalilzad is in charge, they should be aware of this subtle point. Not

everything should be sacrificed to the electoral needs of some American politicians.

بر‭ ‬مبنای‭ ‬گزارش‭ ‬وال‌استریت‭ ‬ژورنال‭ ‬زلمی‭ ‬خلیل‌زاد‭ ‬نماینده‌ی‭ ‬ویژه‌‌ی‭ ‬امریکا‭ ‬برای‭ ‬پایان‭ ‬جنگ

‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬طرحی‭ ‬را‭ ‬آماده‭ ‬کرده‭ ‬است‭ ‬که‭ ‬بر‭ ‬اساس‭ ‬آن‭ ‬باید‭ ‬انتخابات‭ ‬ریاست‭ ‬جمهوری‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬به‭ ‬تعویق‭ ‬بیافتد‭ ‬و‭ ‬نشستی‭ ‬شبیه‭ ‬نشست‭ ‬بن‭ ‬در‭ ‬سال‭ ‬۲۰۰۱،

‭ ‬ترتیب‭ ‬شود‭ ‬و‭ ‬همه‭

‬نیروهای‭ ‬سیاسی‭ ‬به‭ ‬شمول‭ ‬طالبان‭ ‬در‭ ‬آن‭ ‬دعوت‭ ‬شوند‭ ‬و‭ ‬این‭ ‬نشست‭ ‬روی‭ ‬تشکیل‭ ‬یک‭ ‬اداره‌ی‭ ‬انتقالی‭ ‬که‭ ‬در‭ ‬آن‭ ‬همه‭ ‬نیروها‭ ‬به‭ ‬شمول‭ ‬طالبان‭ ‬سهم‭ ‬داشته‭ ‬باشند،

‭ ‬‌‭ ‬به‭ ‬توافق‭ ‬برسد‭. ‬بر‭ ‬مبنای‭ ‬این‭ ‬طرح‭ ‬این‭ ‬اداره‌ی‭ ‬انتقالی‭ ‬باید‭ ‬زمینه‭ ‬را‭ ‬برای‭ ‬به‭ ‬میان‭ ‬آمدن‭ ‬نظام‭ ‬نو‭ ‬و‭ ‬قانون‭ ‬اساسی‭

‬جدید‭ ‬فراهم‭ ‬کند‭. ‬این‭ ‬مصداق‭ ‬آن‭ ‬چیزی‭ ‬است‭ ‬که‭ ‬به‭

‬آن‭ ‬برگشت‭ ‬به‭ ‬گذشته‭ ‬و‭ ‬شروع‭ ‬مجدد‭ ‬از‭ ‬نقطه‌ی‭ ‬صفری‭ ‬می‌گویند‭. ‬برگشت‭ ‬به‭ ‬نقطه‌ی‭ ‬صفر‭ ‬نوعی‭ ‬گسست‭ ‬به‭ ‬میان‭ ‬می‌آورد‭ ‬و‭ ‬اصل‭ ‬تداوم‭ ‬را‭ ‬صدمه‭ ‬می‌زند‭.‬

رییس‌جمهور‭ ‬و‭ ‬رییس‭ ‬اجرایی‭ ‬با‭ ‬طرح‭ ‬تعلیق‭ ‬انتخابات‭ ‬مخالفت‭ ‬کرده‌اند‭. ‬آنان‭ ‬گفته‌اند‭ ‬که‭ ‬انتخابات‭ ‬در‭ ‬تاریخ‭ ‬۳۱‭ ‬حمل‭ ‬سال‭ ‬آینده‌ی‭ ‬خورشیدی‭ ‬برگزار‭ ‬می‌شود‭. ‬آن‌چه‭

‬که‭ ‬آقای‭ ‬خلیل‌زاد‭ ‬طراحی‭ ‬کرده‭ ‬است‭ ‬برگشت‭ ‬به‭ ‬عقب‭

‬است‭ ‬و‭ ‬به‭ ‬دموکراسی‭ ‬جوان‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬صدمه‭ ‬می‌زند‭. ‬ایالات‭ ‬متحده

‭ ‬به‭ ‬عنوان‭ ‬متحد‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬باید‭ ‬به‭ ‬روند‭ ‬دموکراسی‭ ‬در‭ ‬این‭ ‬کشور‭ ‬احترام‭ ‬بگذارد‭. ‬امریکا‭ ‬علاوه‭ ‬بر‭ ‬این‭ ‬که‭ ‬بار‭ ‬اصلی‭ ‬و‭ ‬بزرگ‭ ‬مبارزه‭ ‬با‭ ‬تروریسم‭ ‬را‭ ‬بر‭ ‬دوش‭ ‬کشید

،‭ ‬‌از‭ ‬دموکراسی‌سازی‭ ‬در‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬هم‭ ‬در‭ ‬طول‭

‬۱۷‭ ‬سال‭ ‬گذشته‭ ‬حمایت‭ ‬کرد‭. ‬باید‭ ‬به‭ ‬خون‭ ‬تمام‭ ‬انسان‌های‭ ‬که‭ ‬برای‭ ‬تداوم‭ ‬روند‭ ‬دموکراسی‭ ‬در‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬و‭ ‬مبارزه‭ ‬با‭ ‬تروریسم‭ ‬قربانی‭ ‬دادند،‭ ‬‌احترام‭ ‬بگذاریم‭. ‬نباید‭ ‬

۱۷‭ ‬سال‭ ‬دیگر‭ ‬به‭ ‬عقب‭ ‬برگردیم‭. ‬نیروهای‭ ‬سیاسی‌ای‭ ‬که‭ ‬درگذشته‭ ‬سازمان‭ ‬های‭ ‬نظامی‭ ‬بودند،‭ ‬‌‭

‬پس‭ ‬از‭ ‬نشست‭ ‬بن‭ ‬به‭ ‬نظم‭ ‬دولتی‭ ‬تن‭ ‬دادند،‭ ‬‌‭ ‬ملیشه‌های‌شان‭ ‬را‭ ‬منحل‭ ‬کردند‭ ‬و‭ ‬به‭ ‬نهادسازی‭ ‬احترام‭ ‬گذاشتند‭.‬

هر‭ ‬نیروی‭ ‬دیگری‭ ‬که‭ ‬شریک‭ ‬روند‭ ‬صلح‭ ‬جامعه‌ی‭ ‬جهانی‭ ‬است‭ ‬باید‭ ‬خشونت‭ ‬را‭ ‬کنار‭ ‬بگذارد،‭ ‬نظم‭ ‬دولتی‭ ‬و‭ ‬قانون‭ ‬اساسی‭ ‬را‭ ‬بپذیرد‭ ‬و‭ ‬وارد‭ ‬سیاست

‭ ‬رقابتی‭ ‬شود‭. ‬قبول‭ ‬قانون‭ ‬اساسی‭ ‬و‭ ‬سیاست‭

‬رقابتی‭ ‬به‭ ‬معنای‭ ‬تسلیم‭ ‬شدن‭ ‬به‭ ‬کسی‭ ‬نیست‭.

‬‌معنای‭ ‬آن‭ ‬تغییر‭ ‬روش‭ ‬است‭. ‬هر‭ ‬نیروی‭ ‬سیاسی‭ ‬برای‭ ‬رسیدن‭ ‬به‭ ‬قدرت‭ ‬و‭ ‬سازمان‌دهی‭ ‬جامعه‭ ‬بر‭ ‬مبنای‭ ‬افکارش‭ ‬تلاش‭ ‬می‌کند‭. ‬برخی

‭ ‬از‭ ‬نیروها‭ ‬مثل‭ ‬طالبان‭ ‬می‌خواهند‭ ‬با‭ ‬استفاده‭ ‬از‭ ‬زور‭ ‬به‭ ‬این‭ ‬هدف‭ ‬برسند‭. ‬آنان‭ ‬می‌خواهند‭ ‬به‭ ‬زور‭ ‬واحدهای‭ ‬اداری‭ ‬را‭ ‬بگیرند‭ ‬و‭ ‬از‭ ‬طریق‭ ‬سازمان‌

دهی‭ ‬حمله‌های‭ ‬انتحاری‭ ‬جمعیت‭ ‬شهرنشین‭ ‬را‭ ‬از‭ ‬پا‭ ‬در‭ ‬بیاورند‭ ‬تا‭ ‬همه‭ ‬به‭ ‬فکر‭ ‬سیاسی‭ ‬و‭ ‬نظام‭ ‬اجتماعی‭ ‬مطلوب‭

‬آنان‭ ‬تمکین‭ ‬کنند‭.

‬اما‭ ‬نیروهای‭ ‬سیاسی‭ ‬دیگر‭ ‬به‭ ‬انتخابات‭ ‬و‭ ‬شکل‌گیری‭ ‬حکومت‭ ‬منبعث‭ ‬از‭ ‬اراده‌ی‭ ‬مردم‭ ‬باور‭ ‬دارند‭. ‬نیروهایی‭ ‬که‭ ‬در‭ ‬۱۷‭ ‬سال‭ ‬گذشته‭ ‬حامی‭

‬دموکراسی‭ ‬و‭ ‬انتخابات‭ ‬بودند،‭ ‬‌‭ ‬به‭ ‬هیچ‭ ‬کسی‭ ‬تسلیم‭ ‬نشدند‭ ‬و‭ ‬صرف‭ ‬تغییر‭ ‬روش‭ ‬دادند‭.‬

به‭ ‬گروه‌های‭ ‬مثل‭ ‬طالبان‭ ‬هم‭ ‬باید‭ ‬گفته‭ ‬شود‭ ‬که‭ ‬نتیجه‌ی‭ ‬روند‭ ‬صلح‭ ‬باید‭ ‬تغییر‭ ‬روش‭ ‬آنان‭ ‬باشد‭. ‬حتا‭ ‬یکی‭ ‬از‭ ‬اهداف‭ ‬ایدیولوژیک‭ ‬آنان‭ ‬هم‭ ‬

با‭ ‬تغییر‭ ‬روش‭ ‬به‭ ‬دست‭ ‬می‌آید‭. ‬طالبان‭ ‬پیوسته‭ ‬اعلام‭ ‬می‌کنند‭ ‬که‭ ‬حضور‭ ‬فزیکی‭ ‬نیروهای‭ ‬بین‌المللی‭ ‬در‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬مورد‭ ‬قبول‭

‬آنان‭ ‬نیست‭ ‬و‭ ‬با‭ ‬باورهای‭ ‬ایدیولوژیک‌شان‭ ‬در‭ ‬تضاد‭ ‬می‌باشد‭. ‬وقتی‭ ‬طالبان‭ ‬تغییر‭ ‬روش‭ ‬بدهند‭ ‬و‭ ‬به‭ ‬سیاست‭ ‬رقابتی‭ ‬و‭ ‬نظم‭ ‬دولتی‭ ‬بگروند،

‭ ‬دیگر‭ ‬نیازی‭ ‬به‭ ‬حضور‭ ‬فزیکی‭ ‬نیروهای‭ ‬نظامی‭ ‬حامیان‭ ‬بین‌المللی‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬نخواهد‭ ‬بود‭. ‬آن‭ ‬زمان‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬هم‭ ‬به‭ ‬نیروی‭ ‬امنیتی‭

‬۳۵۰‭ ‬هزار‭ ‬نفری‭ ‬نیاز‭ ‬نخواهد‭ ‬داشت‭. ‬قانون‭

اساسی‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬قابل‭ ‬تعدیل‭ ‬است‭. ‬بیشتر‭ ‬نیروهای‭ ‬سیاسی‭ ‬

که‭ ‬نظم‭ ‬قانونی‭ ‬را‭ ‬پذیرفته‌اند‭ ‬و‭ ‬بخشی‭ ‬از‭ ‬حوزه‌ی‭ ‬دموکراسی‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬اند،‭ ‬‌‭ ‬فکر‭ ‬می‌کنند‭ ‬که‭ ‬قانون‭ ‬اساسی‭ ‬نواقصی‭ ‬دارد‭ ‬که‭ ‬باید‭ ‬تعدیل‭ ‬شود‭. ‬میکانیزم‭ ‬تعدیل‭ ‬قانون‭ ‬اساسی‭ ‬هم‭ ‬در‭ ‬این‭ ‬

قانون‭بینی‭ ‬شده‭


. ‬هر‭ ‬نیرویی‭ ‬که‭ ‬طرف‌دار‭ ‬تعدیل‭ ‬قانون‭ ‬اساسی‭ ‬است‭ ‬باید‭ ‬از‭ ‬خشونت‭ ‬دست‭ ‬بردارد،‭ ‬‌‭ ‬تا‭ ‬زمینه‭ ‬برای‭ ‬برگزاری‭ ‬انتخابات‌‭ ‬و‭ ‬تعدیل‭ ‬مسالمت‌آمیز‭ ‬قانون‭ ‬اساسی‭ ‬فراهم‭ ‬شود‭.‬

رگشت‭ ‬دادن‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬به‭ ‬هفده‭ ‬سال‭ ‬قبل‭ ‬مبنای‭ ‬قابل‭ ‬دفاع‭ ‬ندارد‭. ‬چه‭ ‬کسی‭ ‬تضمین‭ ‬می‌کند‭ ‬در‭ ‬صورت‭ ‬اجرای‭ ‬یک‭ ‬طرح‭ ‬بزرگ‭ ‬آشتی‭ ‬و‭ ‬تشکیل‭ ‬اداره‌ی‭ ‬موقت،

‭ ‬‌طالبان‭ ‬صد‭ ‬درصد‭ ‬از‭ ‬جنگ‭ ‬دست‭ ‬بر‭ ‬می‌دارند‭ ‬و‭ ‬هیچ‭ ‬بخشی‭ ‬از‭ ‬این‭ ‬گروه‭ ‬به‭ ‬جنگ‭ ‬ادامه‭ ‬نمی‌دهد‭. ‬چه‭ ‬کسی‭

‬تضمین‭ ‬می‌کند‭ ‬که‭ ‬تمام‭ ‬همسایه‌های‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬ازجمله‭ ‬پاکستان‭ ‬به‭ ‬آن‭ ‬طرح‭ ‬تمکین‭ ‬می‌کنند‭ ‬و‭ ‬سرمایه‌گذاری‭ ‬روی‭ ‬

دوام‭ ‬جنگ‭ ‬را‭ ‬توقف‭ ‬می‌دهند‭. ‬آیا‭ ‬پاکستان‭ ‬صرف‭ ‬به‭

‬نفوذ‭ ‬در

‭ ‬مناسبات‭ ‬قدرت‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬راضی‭ ‬می‌شود؟‭ ‬واقعیت‭ ‬دیگر‭ ‬این‭ ‬است‭ ‬نیروهای‭ ‬شورشی‭ ‬تا‭ ‬زمانی‭ ‬که‭ ‬تضعیف‭ ‬نشوند‭ ‬به‭ ‬هدف‭ ‬پایان‭ ‬جنگ‭ ‬مذاکره‭ ‬نمی‌کنند

،‭ ‬‌‭ ‬آنان‭ ‬برای‭ ‬به‭ ‬دست‭ ‬آوردن‭ ‬اعتبار‭ ‬جهانی‭ ‬و‭ ‬منطقه‌ای‭ ‬و‭ ‬افزایش‭ ‬قدرت‌شان‭ ‬به‭ ‬جنگ‭ ‬ادامه‭ ‬می‌دهند‭ ‬تا‭ ‬در‭ ‬

پایان‭ ‬کار‭ ‬کل‭ ‬جغرافیای‭ ‬کشور‭ ‬را‭ ‬اشغال‭ ‬‌کنند‭. ‬چه‭ ‬کسی‭ ‬تضمین‭ ‬می‌کند‭ ‬که‭ ‬طالبان‭ ‬به‭ ‬صورت‭ ‬جدی‭ ‬وارد‭ ‬روند‭ ‬آشتی‭ ‬ملی‭ ‬خواهند‭ ‬شد؟‭ ‬

تجربه‭ ‬نشان‭ ‬داده‭ ‬است‭ ‬که‭ ‬تصمیم‌گیری‭ ‬مقام‌های‭ ‬امریکایی‭ ‬در‭ ‬مورد‭ ‬افغانستان،‭ ‬‌به‭ ‬دلایل‭ ‬سیاسی‭ ‬و‭ ‬انتخاباتی‭ ‬که‭ ‬مصرف‭ ‬داخلی‭ ‬دارد،‭ ‬‌برای‭ ‬مردم‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬و‭ ‬مجموع‭ ‬جامعه‌ی‭ ‬جهانی‭ ‬فاجعه‌بار‭ ‬است‭. ‬آقای‭ ‬خلیل‌زاد‭ ‬منتقد‭ ‬سرسخت‭ ‬سیاست‌های‭ ‬اوباما‭ ‬در‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬بود‭. ‬آقای‭ ‬خلیل‌زاد‭ ‬پیوسته‭ ‬می‌گفت‭ ‬که‭ ‬دینامیک‭ ‬سیاست‭ ‬داخلی‭ ‬امریکا‭ ‬سبب‭ ‬شده‭ ‬است‭ ‬که‭ ‬آقای‭ ‬اوباما‭ ‬برای‭ ‬خروج‭ ‬نیروهای‭ ‬رزمی‭ ‬ناتو‭ ‬از‭ ‬افغانستان‭ ‬تاریخ‭ ‬تعیین‭ ‬کند،‭ ‬‌نه‭ ‬واقعیت‌های‭ ‬افغانستان‭. ‬امروز‭ ‬که‭ ‬شخص‭ ‬آقای‭ ‬خلیل‌زاد‭ ‬ماموریت‭ ‬دارند‭ ‬باید‭ ‬متوجه‭ ‬این‭ ‬نکته‌ی‭ ‬ظریف‭ ‬باشند‭. ‬نباید‭ ‬همه‭ ‬چیز‭ ‬فدای‭ ‬نیازهای‭ ‬انتخاباتی‭ ‬برخی‭ ‬از‭ ‬سیاست‌مداران‭ ‬امریکایی‭ ‬شود‭.‬